SS04/304L Stainless Steel Casting Silica Sol Investment Casting
Components Custom Supplier
Product Description and Process
SS04/304L Stainless Steel Casting Silica Sol Investment Casting
Machinery Parts Custom Supplier
Production process: Silica Sol lost wax investment casting process
Machining process: CNC machine, machining center, lathe, mill
machine, drill machine, etc.
Product Material and Uses
Normally produce with ASTM A743/A743M Grade CF8, CF8M, CF3, CF3M,
ZG0Cr18Ni10, ZG0Cr18Ni9, ZG0Cr18Ni9Ti, ZG0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti,
The stainless steel casting products are widely used for auto-car
components, Machinery & Pump Parts, Marine Parts, valve parts,
pipe parts, etc.
POPULAR STAINLESS STEEL GRADES: SS 304 | SS 410 | SS 316 | 17-4
We has experience pouring a wide variety of stainless steel alloy
casts. We cast stainless steel from miniature to 50 pounds.
The most common alloys we have poured are listed below. We are also
capable of pouring other air melt alloys upon your request.
Specific material chemistry and mechanical specifications will be
provided to you if needed. For your Stainless Steel Castings needs,
we can help you out.
Commonly Cast Stainless Steel Alloys:
Stainless Steel 304(1.4308)
This is the most common stainless steel and is applied in different
applications. It consists of at least 18% chromium and 8% nickel
and has no magnetic properties within its austenitic structure.
Stainless Steel 304L(1.4309)
Corresponds to stainless steel 304. The ‘L’ stands for ‘low
carbon’, so this stainless steel has a lower carbon amount to
increase weldability and to limit the corrosion sensitivity after
Stainless Steel 316(1.4408)
A better, but more expensive type of corrosion resistant steel is
stainless steel 316. This alloy contains at least 16% chromium, 10%
nickel and 2% molybdenum. Because of the addition of molybdenum,
this stainless steel type is better defended against salt corrosion
and acids, and is often applied in chemical industries.
Stainless Steel 316L(1.4409)
Comparable to stainless steel 316 but with a lower carbon level to
increase weldability of the stainless steel.
A high quality stainless steel which is regularly used in the
aircraft industry. It is characterized by a high tensile strength,
hardness, toughness and is also corrosion resistant.
304 Stainless Steel versus 316 Stainless Steel
Corrosion resistance of stainless steel varies by grade
Judging by the name, you might assume that stainless steel never
stains—but you’d be wrong.
Stainless steel stains less easily than other iron-based metals,
but it’s not literally “stainless”. Just like standard steel,
stainless can get marked up by fingerprints and grease, develop
discoloration, and eventually rust. The difference is resilience.
Stainless steel can withstand much more time and abuse before
showing signs of wear.
All steels have the same basic iron and carbon composition, but
stainless steel also contains a healthy dose of chromium—the alloy
that gives stainless steel its famous corrosion resistance.
And this is where things get complicated. There are multiple grades
under the stainless steel umbrella, each with slightly different
alloy composition, and therefore slightly different physical
Stainless steel must contain at least 10.5 percent chromium.
Depending on the grade, it may contain much higher chromium levels,
and additional alloying ingredients like molybdenum, nickel,
titanium, aluminum, copper, nitrogen, phosphorous and selenium.
The two most common stainless steel grades are 304 and 316. The key
difference is the addition of molybdenum, an alloy which
drastically enhances corrosion resistance, especially for more
saline or chloride-exposed environments. 316 stainless steel
contains molybdenum, but 304 doesn’t.
For outdoor furnishings like rails and bollards, stainless steel is
an ideal corrosion-resistant material, but it will only withstand
long-term exposure if the grade is appropriate for its environment.
304 is an economical and practical choice for most environments,
but it doesn’t have the chloride resistance of 316. The slightly
higher price point of 316 is well worth it in areas with high
chloride exposure, especially the coast and heavily salted
roadways. Each application for stainless steel has its own unique
demands, and needs a stainless steel that’s up to the task.
Natural corrosion resistance
Corrosion is a natural phenomenon. Pure elements always react with
the surrounding environment, which is why so few elements are
naturally found in their pure form. Iron is no exception.
In wet or humid conditions iron reacts with the oxygen contained in
water to form iron oxide, also known as rust. The red flaky oxide
deteriorates easily—exposing more material to corrosion. Iron and
standard carbon steels are highly susceptible to this type of
Stainless steel has the innate ability to form a passive layer that
prevents corrosion. The secret?
The chromium found in all stainless steels reacts quickly with
oxygen environments, much the same as iron. The difference,
however, is that only a very fine layer of chromium will oxidize
(often only a few molecules in thickness). Unlike flaky and
unstable iron oxide, chromium oxide is highly durable and
non-reactive. It adheres to stainless steel surfaces and won't
transfer or react further with other materials. It is also
self-renewing—if it’s removed or damaged, more chromium will react
with oxygen to replenish the barrier. The higher the chromium
content, the faster the barrier repairs itself.
Once oxidized, or passivized, stainless steel typically rusts at a
very low rate of less than 0.002 inches per year. When kept in its
best condition, stainless steel offers clean and bright surfaces
ideal for many building and landscape designs.
304 Stainless Steel
304 stainless steel is the most common form of stainless steel used
around the world, largely due to its excellent corrosion resistance
and value. It contains between 16 and 24 percent chromium and up to
35 percent nickel, as well as small amounts of carbon and
The most common form of 304 stainless steel is 18-8, or 18/8,
stainless steel, which contains 18 percent chromium and 8 percent
304 can withstand corrosion from most oxidizing acids. That
durability makes 304 easy to sanitize, and therefore ideal for
kitchen and food applications. It is also common in buildings,
décor, and site furnishings.
304 stainless steel does have one weakness: it is susceptible to
corrosion from chloride solutions, or from saline environments like
the coast. Chloride ions can create localized areas of corrosion,
called "pitting," which can spread beneath protective chromium
barriers to compromise internal structures. Solutions with as
little as 25 ppm of sodium chloride can begin to have a corrosive
316 Stainless Steel
316 grade is the second-most common form of stainless steel. It has
almost the same physical and mechanical properties as 304 stainless
steel, and contains a similar material make-up. The key difference
is that 316 stainless steel incorporates about 2 to 3 percent
molybdenum. The addition increases corrosion resistance,
particularly against chlorides and other industrial solvents.
316 stainless steel is commonly used in many industrial
applications involving processing chemicals, as well as high-saline
environments such as coastal regions and outdoor areas where
de-icing salts are common. Due to its non-reactive qualities, 316
stainless steel is also used in the manufacture of medical surgical
Alternative 300-series grades can contain up to 7 percent
molybdenum. They provide even better chloride resistance, but such
heavy-duty resistance is only necessary in industrial or high
concentration exposure conditions.
Both 304 and 316 stainless steels (as well as other 300-series
grades) use nickel to maintain an austenitic composition at lower
temperatures. Austenitic steels ensure a versatile balance of
strength, workability, and corrosion resistance, making them ideal
for outdoor architectural features, surgical instrumentation, and
food processing equipment.
A large volume of stainless steel produced today (especially 316
stainless steel) can be found in products related to the food and
beverage industries. Stainless steel is commonly found in
commercial kitchens and food processing plants as it serves a
variety of needs:
It can be easily formed and fabricated into shapes needed to
produce a variety of equipment and machinery, such as cooking
tables, ventilation hoods, tanks, and hoppers.
It is available in a wide range of decorative and polished
It can withstand shock and abrasive conditions found in kitchens or
food processing plants.
It can be easily cleaned, and can withstand repeated washing with
the many chemicals and detergents employed to meet public health
It does not react to the alkalis and acids found in milk, cooked
foods, vegetables, and food additives.
The ultimate benefits of stainless steel include a long service
life that will retain an attractive, clean finish. Properly cared
for and cleaned stainless steels present a low maintenance cost
The latest Stainless Steel Material Grade Standard Contrast
|China GB||Japan JIS||America||Korea KS||EU BS EN||Australia AS|
|Old Grade||New Grade||ASTM||UNS|
|austenitic stainless steel|
|austenitic -ferrite stainless steel (duplex stainless steel)|
|ferrite stainless steel|
|martensitic stainless steel|
Different Types of Stainless Steel
|Material No.||Symbol||Similar to||Heat treatment||Proof stress Rp0,2||Tensile strength (N/mm²)||Elongation (%)||Hardness|
|1.4008||GX7CrNiMo12-1||AISI 410||Refining||≥ 440||590-790||≈ 15||≥ 90 HRb|
|1.4027||GX20Cr14||-||Refining||≥ 400||590-790||≈ 15||18-50 HRc|